Old Umorit

Outline

Family Gadan-Tamaric
Morphology Fusional
Word Order SOV

Phonology

Vowels

Front Back
Close i* u
Near-close ɪ* ʊ
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a* ɒ

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m** n (ɲ) (ŋ)
Plosive p*, b t*, d ɟ k
Fricative f* s ɕ
Other l, r*

Morphology

Nouns

Old Umorit was a tripartite language with six cases: nominative, accusative, ergative, vocative, genitive, and dative.

First Declension

Only roots ending in m, n, l, r
"boy" sing. du. pl.
Nom palânt palâns palâner
Acc palâni palâne palânît
Erg palânir palânic palânen
Voc palânî palânâ palânider
Gen palânes palânc palânedi
Dat palânet palânedam palânedon

Second Declension

"dog" sing. du. pl.
Nom ganut ganus ganur
Acc ganue gano ganuit
Erg ganuer ganuc ganun
Voc ganui ganua ganuider
Gen ganos ganoc ganodi
Dat ganot ganudam ganudon
"death" sing. du. pl.
Nom memût memûs memûr
Acc memûe memu memûit
Erg memûer memûc memûn
Voc memûi memûa memûider
Gen memus memuc memudi
Dat memut memûdam memûdon

Third Declension

"stone" sing. du. pl.
Nom fokot fokos fokor
Acc foke foka fokuit
Erg foku fokoc fokun
Voc foki fokâ fokider
Gen fokos foko fokodi
Dat foket fokodam fokodon

Fourth Declension

"sea" sing. du. pl.
Nom nidat nidas nidar
Acc nida nida nidait
Erg nido nidec nidan
Voc nide nidâ nideder
Gen nidas nidac nidadi
Dat nidot nidodam nidodon
"rabbit, hare" sing. du. pl.
Nom kerât keras kerâr
Acc kerâ kerâ kerâit
Erg kero kerac kerân
Voc kerai kerâ kerader
Gen kerâs kerâc kerâdi
Dat kerat keradam keradon

Fifth Declension

Only roots ending in m, n, l, r
"skin" sing. du. pl.
Nom cent cens cener
Acc cene cena cenon
Erg cenu cenc cenen
Voc ceni cena cenider
Gen cenas cenac cendi
Dat cenot cendam cendon
"wall" sing. du. pl.
Nom mart mars mar
Acc mare mar maron
Erg maru maric maren
Voc mari mara marder
Gen mars marc mardi
Dat marot mardam mardon

Sixth Declension

Only roots not ending in m, n, l, r
"ash" sing. du. pl.
Nom buft bufs bufer
Acc bufe bufa bufon
Erg bufu bufoc bufun
Voc bufi bufa bufider
Gen bufas bufac bufti
Dat bufot bufodam bufodon

Seventh Declension

"hand" sing. du. pl.
Nom lemit lemis lemir
Acc lemi leme lemît
Erg lemîr lemîc lemin
Voc lemî lemia lemîder
Gen lemis lemic lemidi
Dat lemiet lemidam lemidon
"sand" sing. du. pl.
Nom fegrît fegrîs fegrîr
Acc fegrî fegri fegrion
Erg fegrîu fegrîc fegrîn
Voc fegrî fegrîa fegrîder
Gen fegrîs fegrîc fegrîdi
Dat fegrîet fegrîdam fegrîdon

Eighth Declension

"bone" sing. du. pl.
Nom âdet âdes âder
Acc âde âdi âdit
Erg âdo âdic âden
Voc âdi âda âdider
Gen âdes âdec âdedi
Dat âdet âdedam âdedon

Adjectives

Adjectives decline exactly as nouns, except comparatives, which decline as follows:
"red" sing. du. pl.
Nom iâtrot iâtros iâtror
Acc iâtre iâtra iâtruit
Erg iâtru iâtroc iâtrun
Voc iâtri iâtrâ iâtrider
Gen iâtros iâtro iâtrodi
Dat iâtret iâtrodam iâtrodon
"redder" sing. du. pl.
Nom iâtrempt iâtrems iâtremer
Acc iâtremi iâtreme iâtremiit
Erg iâtremu iâtremc iâtremen
Voc iâtremî iâtremâ iâtremider
Gen iâtremes iâtremec iâtremedi
Dat iâtremet iâtremedam iâtremedon
"reddest" sing. du. pl.
Nom iâtratat iâtratas iâtratar
Acc iâtrata iâtrata iâtratait
Erg iâtrato iâtratoc iâtratan
Voc iâtrate iâtratâ iâtrateder
Gen iâtratas iâtratac iâtratadi
Dat iâtratot iâtratodam iâtratodon

Verbs

Verbs have four conjugations

First Conjugation

pelame "to fear"
Indicative 1st sg. 2nd sg. 3rd sg. 1st du. 2nd du. 3rd du. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd.pl.
Present pela pelak pelâr pelaba pelag pelanes pelabo pelagek pelaner
Imperfect pelago pelagok pelagor pelagoba pelagog pelagones pelagobo pelagogek pelagoner
Future pepelad pepelack pepelâre pepelaba pepelag pepelana pepelabo pepelageck pepelanere
Perfect pelo pelok pelaur pelob pelog pelones pelomi pelogek peloner

Second Conjugation

dameme "to know"
Indicative 1st sg. 2nd sg. 3rd sg. 1st du. 2nd du. 3rd du. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd.pl.
Present dame damek damir dameba dameg damenes damebo damegek damener
Imperfect damego damegok damegor damegoba damegog damegones damegobo damegogek damegoner
Future dandamed dandameck dandamire dandameba dandameg dandamena dandamebo dandamegeck dandamenere
Perfect damo damok damiur damob damog damones damomi damogek damoner

Third Conjugation

sotîme "to sleep"
Indicative 1st sg. 2nd sg. 3rd sg. 1st du. 2nd du. 3rd du. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd.pl.
Present sotie sotiek sotîr sotieba sotieg sotienes sotiebo sotiegek sotiener
Imperfect sotigo sotigok sotigor sotigoba sotigog sotigones sotigobo sotigogek sotigoner
Future sotîd sotîck sotîre sotîba sotîg sotîna sotîbo sotîgeck sotînere
Perfect sotiu sotiuk sotiur sotiub sotiug sotiunes sotiumi sotiugek sotiuner

Fourth Conjugation

liolme "to walk"
Indicative 1st sg. 2nd sg. 3rd sg. 1st du. 2nd du. 3rd du. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd.pl.
Present liole liolek lioler lioleba lioleg liolenes liolebo liolegek liolener
Imperfect liolgo liolgok liolgor liolgoba liolgog liolgones liolgobo liolgogek liolgoner
Future lilioled lilioleck liliolere lilioleba lilioleg liliolena liliolebo liliolgeck liliolenere
Perfect liolo liolok liolur liolob liolog liolones liolomi liologek lioloner

Numerals

Nom Acc Erg Voc Gen Dat Ordinal
1 dut dui du dui duus dud eâtat
2 âs â âli â âk audam glauket
3 ful fup ful fup fuî fudon fopt
4 toger togon togun togider togdi togdon togotat
5 cadnir cadnît cadnin cadnider cadnidi cadnidon cadnitat
6 pnor pnon pnor pnodi pnon pnotat
7 sfir sfin sfir sfidi sfin sfitat
8 trâp trâptat
9 meîn meîntat
10 ecri ecritat

Dictionary

A
âdet /ˈɒdɛt/ n8 bone
agame /ˈaɟamɛ/ v1 hunt
aklât /ˈaklɒt/ adj4 dark, smoky
-âluet /ˈɒlʊɛt/ adj8 forms adjective
-âruet /ˈɒrʊɛt/ adj8 forms adjective when stem has an l near the end
âs /ˈɒs/ num two
âspuit /ˈɒspʊɪt/ n7 ship
Auraiâdt /aʊˈraɪɒt/ n6 Monday
aurat /ˈaʊrat/ n4 moon
B
bagot /ˈbaɟɔt/ n3 lion
-bîme /ˈbimɛ/ v3 forms verb, esp. in meaning of becoming or acquiring the state of the root
buâct /ˈbʊɒɕt/ n5 beryl
buft /ˈbʊft/ n6 ash
C
cadnir /ˈɕadnɪr/ num five
Câriâdt /ˈɕɒrɪɒt/ n6 Sunday
cârt /ˈɕɒrt/ n5 sun
cent /ˈɕɛnt/ n5 skin
D
dâct /ˈdaɕt/ n6 green, acc dâge
dameme /ˈdamɛmɛ/ v2 know
Dasûsat /daˈsusat/ n4 The red planet. A desert world.
dlûankrat /ˈdluaŋkrat/ n4 dragon
dut /ˈdʊt/ num one
E
eâtat /ɛˈɒtat/ adj4 first
ebuet /ˈɛbʊɛt/ n8 water
ecri /ˈɛɕrɪ/ num ten
enest /ˈɛnɛst/ n6 horse
F
fegrît /ˈfɛɟrit/ n7 sand
fokot /ˈfɔkɔt/ n3 stone
fopt /ˈfɔpt/ adj6 third
frugut /ˈfrʊɟʊt/ n2 boar
ful /ˈfʊl/ num three
G
ganut /ˈɟanʊt/ n2 dog
glauket /ˈɟlaʊkɛt/ adj8 second
Gosâtruit /ɟɔˈsɒtrʊɪt/ n7 a planet
I
iâdt /ˈɪɒt/ n6 day
iâtrot /ɪˈɒtrɔt/ adj3 red
-idet /ɪdɛt/ adj8 forms adjective
K
Kâtruîâdt /ˌkɒtrʊˈiɒt/ n6 Thursday
kerât /ˈkɛrɒt/ n4 rabbit, hare
kraûret /kraˈurɛt/ n8 crow, raven
L
lemit /ˈlɛmɪt/ n7 hand
liolme /lɪˈɔlmɛ/ v4 walk
loreset /ˈlɔrɛsɛt/ n8 tortoise
M
mart /ˈmart/ n5 wall
meîn /ˈmɛin/ num nine
Melsaiâdt /mɛlˈsaiɒt/ n6 Friday
memût /ˈmɛmut/ n2 death
Milisat /ˈmɪlɪsat/ n4 the blue planet, an ocean world.
N
nidat /ˈnɪdat/ n4 sea
nûlut /ˈnulʊt/ n2 light
P
palânt /ˈpalɒnt/ n1 boy
pelame /ˈpɛlamɛ/ v1 fear
Pikiâdt /ˈpɪkɪɒt/ n6 Saturday
Piseigat /pɪˈsɛɪɟat/ n4 the yellow planet.
pnor /ˈpnɔr/ num six
Pocurrot /pɔˈɕʊrrɔt/ n3 a planet
poliot /ˈpɔlɪɔt/ n3 month
Poriâdt /ˈpɔrɪɒt/ n6 Wednesday [< OK Phôr < OU Pocurrot + OU iâdt]
S
-serat /sɛrat/ n/adj4 diminuitive
-serit /sɛrɪt/ n/adj7 diminuitive
sfir /ˈsfɪr/ num seven
sîmuet /ˈsimʊɛt/ n8 monkey
-sot /sɔt/ n3 forms agent noun of a verb
sorame /ˈsɔramɛ/ v1 bear, carry
sotîme /sɔˈtimɛ/ v3 sleep
spîekt /ˈspiɛkt/ n6 fish
T
Tiusiâdt /tɪˈʊsɪɒt/ n6 Tuesday
toger /ˈtɔɟɛr/ num four
trâp /ˈtrɒp/ num eight
U
uâbûet /ʊɒˈbuɛt/ n8 owl
Ûbupliot /uˈbʊpliot/ n3 March
ûbût /ˈubut/ n2 bear
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