Calendar and Timekeeping

Samorian Calendar

The Samorian Calendar and its variants are the most widespread across Nalbadonas, and even used on other continents.
It is a combination of a annual solar and monthly lunar calendar repeating in its entirety in a cycle of seven years.

Each month begins on the new moon. Thus, each month is exactly 28 days long, and further divided into four seven-day weeks. The name of the month is derived by the constellation containing the new moon. As such, on occasion, a month repeats itself. Some of these constellations are part of the Gnomish Zodiac. The Gnomish Zodiac divides the sky into nine houses, and names each house for a constellation that appears within it.

The names of the days of the week are as follows:
English Tithagry Taular Maritime Common Ramat Solierthan Olve Luosa Enduad
Monday Ulpon Bouquem Foiga Évréjat Avracha Avlaġaia Oreadjo Erueiod
Tuesday Thyspon Suzquem Stoiga Shujat Thosia Hoġaia Tsuosho Diushiod
Wednesday Beorpon Vaurquem Pulga Pöijat Pueria Pùliaia Poio Baaiod
Thursday Chatrepon Hruaiquem Kâthlega Sharviat Kadrocha Kadruaia Koatiudjo Kodruiiod
Friday Molspon Meuzquem Maiga Möizéjat Melsacha Melsaġaia Masseadjo Miarsheiod
Saturday Sejpon Paigquem Spaga Puesat Peza Pesaia Piecho Bitsiod
Sunday Calpon Aukquem Fâiga Saijat Tharia Saġraia Shoarro Horiod
The names of the months are as follows:
English Constellation Tithagry Taular Maritime Common
March The Bear Suthlicun Zosliom Sostiaifo
April The Hunter Idaljis Idaugiz Ithâihi
May The Lion Toliphsun Telipsom Tayaiso
June The Owl Gathaksis Quasaepiz Gâstâspi
July The Dragon Tirgom Tirguemb Tilva
August The Hound Dathmirl Dasmiur Thâstmil
September The Tortoise Khythpi Whusqui Dust
October The Hare Agruthgom Aeruos Ahlostva
November The Water Gatherer Masklon Maezlen Mâja
Hestember The Fish Oglemir Eiluaemir Oshemil
December The Ship Coglenthil Heiluaensiu Kashensti
January The Boar Idlan Idlam Aithia
February The Monkey Glythmarl Luüsmaur Shustmal

The Seven-year Cycle

Year 1: Oak Year 2: Rose Year 3: Vine Year 4: Cedar Year 5: Thistle Year 6: Fig Year 7: Lotus
Months March March March March March March March
April April April April April April April I
May May May May May May April II
June I June June June June June May
June II July I July July July July June
July July II August August August August July
August August September September September September August
September October October October October October September
October November I November November November November October
November November II Hestember December December December November
December December December January I January January December
January January January January II February I February January
February February February February February II February
Vernal Equinox 12th of April 8th of April 4th of April 28th of March 24th of March 20th of March 16th of April I
Summer Solstice 18th of June II 14th of July I 10th of July 6th of July 2nd of July 26th of June 22nd of June
Autumnal Equinox 24th of September 20th of October 16th of October 12th of October 8th of October 4th of October 28th of September
Winter Solstice 2nd of January 26th of December 22th of December 18th of January I 14th of January 10th of January 6th of January
Notes
  • Year 2 of the cycle has no month of September.
  • Year 3 of the cycle has a month of Hestember; no other year of the cylce has this month1

The New Year

In some places, New Year's Day is observed on the first of April (I). In this case, most years have 364 days, except for the sixth year of the cycle, which only has 336.
In other places, New Year's Day is observed with the Vernal Equinox, giving each year exactly 360 days. In this system, years 4 through 6 of the cycle begin with March I, years 1, 2, and 6 end with April II, and year 7 of the cycle ends with April III.
This causes some discrepancies in records of events and dates between the first of April and the vernal equinox occuring in different places.

The Gnomish Calendar

The first Calendar was that of the Gnomes. They divided the sky equally into nine houses, and names each for a constellation that appears within it. They constructed a solar calendar based on the position of the sun within these houses, as such, each House is exactly 40 days long. However, as the Gnomish week is 12 days long, this divides each month into 31/3rd weeks.


Categories: The Known World, History, Cultures

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